Cloud Cost Optimization Strategy
In recent years, the cloud has emerged as one of the primary options for IT departments, with many businesses moving to public cloud offerings due to their lower operating costs, scalability, and elasticity. Cloud cost optimization is a method to ensure that you are being charged only for your use.
Cloud cost optimization is a combination of strategies, techniques, best practices, and tools that not only help minimize cloud costs but also maximize the business value of using the cloud.
When it comes to cost optimization in the cloud, there are many challenges to overcome, and it’s more of a journey than a destination. Here are the top 7 best practices that you need to implement to have a strong cost management practice.
1. Regularly Audit Your Cloud Costs
Let’s start with the obvious fact. Many businesses find that they are paying too much for their cloud because they haven’t performed an audit in some time. Cloud expenses accumulate organically over time and are occasionally assigned to the wrong line items. Audit your cloud expenses to find any areas where you could be overspending, underpaying, or performing above or below expectations.
As you audit your cloud costs, examine the areas that you feel are gaps or potential overlaps. You may have multiple cloud systems essentially executing the same tasks which are common with administration or security utilities. It's also likely that you need to strengthen or improve some aspects of your cloud development to be fully effective.
2. Identify unused resources
One of the simplest ways to successfully optimize cloud expenses is by identifying underused resources. Imagine setting up a temporary server for a particular job and forgetting to turn it off or removing storage associated with terminated instances. These are typical examples of irregularities that occur in real life and drive-up cloud prices for businesses. Any company may save money by locating and removing such resources, which is ideal for cloud cost optimization.
3. Right size Resources
Optimization is the analysis of cloud computing services to identify the most effective scale at a given time. With the use of a sizing tool, you can optimize not just the sizes of your compute instances but also other factors like database, memory, storage capacity, and hardware acceleration. This can not only lower expenses but also helps optimize workloads and improve performance within existing costs.
4. Make Optimal Use of Cloud Pricing Models
Cloud providers offer several pricing models that can allow you to optimize costs for different workloads. It’s important to use pricing models methodically, adapting the right model for each workload at each stage of its lifecycle. Common models include:
· On-demand pricing - paying for cloud resources based on the amount of time spent
· Reserved instances - committing for a period of one or three years to cloud resources
· Spot instances - Using extra space provided at discounts of up to 90% by cloud service providers
· Savings plans - committing to a certain level of cloud spend across an organization (also for 1 or 3 years) to get discounts on cloud resources.
5. Streamline cost with tools
Cost optimization tools within management platforms can enhance visibility into their cloud costs and utilization. While each cloud platform has unique capabilities, every cost management tool helps an organization by:
- Providing insight into cloud utilization
- Keeping monthly bills in check
- Reducing management overhead
- Precisely forecasting expenses and allocating costs
For small businesses with relatively simple cloud bills, using free, native AWS cost analysis tools like AWS Cost Explorer, AWS Cost Anomaly Detection, AWS Budgets, and Amazon Cloud Watch may be a good place to start. Other tools that aid in the visualization, management, and decrease of cloud expenses, both individually and collectively, include GCP Billing and Azure Pricing Calculator.
6. Leverage Heat Maps
Heat maps are a great tool to spot resource waste, which is a concern in cloud systems. Heat maps can be used to identify the servers that are experiencing significant CPU loads, memory problems, or storage difficulties. If ignored, these issues might spread widely and bring your cloud's functioning to a complete standstill.
A heat map allows you to rapidly identify problem servers and prevent server sprawl as a result of cloud cost optimization.
7. Monitor and Correct Cost Anomalies
Cost fluctuation is predicted since cloud-based systems rely on sophisticated software and hardware infrastructures. However, if you are not monitoring these abnormalities and making repairs, expenditures might become excessive. Always keep an eye on your expenditures so you can make changes before they become a problem.
For example, if there’s a significant increase in your cloud bill, examine what could be causing it. Perhaps you need to upgrade to more reliable storage options or change your backup settings. After taking action, if you don't see any improvements or adjustments, get in touch with your provider right away. There could be a billing problem.
Cloud cost optimization helps users manage cloud costs while achieving optimal cloud performance with high visibility, productivity, efficiency, and transformation. And in a time when services have been disrupted and resources are limited, having more control over spending is greatly beneficial. The right combination of strategies can help you optimize cloud costs while continuing high-quality service levels.